Without supplements or enriched foods, vegetarians are at a high risk of vitamin B12 deficiency (1). It is mainly found in animal foods, such as fish, meat, dairy products and eggs (2).
What nutrients may be lacking in the diet of a child consuming a strict vegetarian diet?
A vegetarian diet that includes dairy products and eggs (lacto-ovo) is the best choice for growing teens. A more strict vegetarian diet may fail to meet a teen’s need for certain nutrients, such as iron, zinc, calcium, and vitamins D and B12.
Which vitamin is only found in foods of animal origin?
Foods of animal origin are the only reliable dietary source of vitamin B12 or cobalamin, e.g., meat and offal, fish, eggs, milk, and cheeses.
Which nutrients are we most concerned about with a vegetarian diet?
The nutrients of concern in the diet of vegetarians include vitamin B(12), vitamin D, ω-3 fatty acids, calcium, iron, and zinc. Although a vegetarian diet can meet current recommendations for all of these nutrients, the use of supplements and fortified foods provides a useful shield against deficiency.
Why are strict vegetarians at risk of developing a vitamin B12 deficiency?
Individuals following vegetarian diets are at risk for developing vitamin B12 deficiency owing to suboptimal intake. As vitamin B12 is essential for the synthesis of nucleic acids, erythrocytes and in the maintenance of myelin, deficiency may result in a variety of symptoms.
What are 4 nutrients that vegetarians would benefit from?
As children grow, they need loads of nutrients – a vegetarian diet should include:
- Protein alternatives (such as nuts, eggs, legumes and tofu).
- Energy for growth and development.
- Iron to prevent anaemia.
- Vitamin B12.
- Vitamin D and calcium to prevent bone disease.
- Suitable fats from non-meat sources.
Do vegetarians live longer?
This may explain why a recent review found that while vegetarians are more likely to live longer than the general population, their life expectancy is no higher than that of similarly health-conscious meat eaters ( 23 ).
Is vitamin B12 only in animal products?
Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that’s almost exclusively found in animal-sourced foods, such as fish, meat, dairy products, and eggs ( 1 ). Also known as cobalamin, it’s a water-soluble nutrient involved in developing red blood cells and maintaining nerves and normal brain function.
Does B12 come from animals?
Vitamin B12 is produced by bacteria, not animals or plants. Animals, including humans, must obtain it directly or indirectly from bacteria. Farmed animals receive B12 by eating fortified (supplemented) feed, being exposed to bacteria-laden manure and drinking untreated (contaminated) water.
What nutrients are found in food from animals?
- Zinc. Calcium.
What are the negative effects of a vegetarian diet?
It can make you gain weight and lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other health problems. You can get protein from other foods, too, like yogurt, eggs, beans, and even vegetables. In fact, veggies can give you all you need as long as you eat different kinds and plenty of them.
What are the best sources of protein for vegetarians?
The following healthful, plant-based foods have a high-protein content per serving:
- Tofu, tempeh, and edamame. Share on Pinterest Soy products such as tofu, tempeh, and edamame are among the richest sources of protein in a vegan diet. …
- Lentils. …
- Chickpeas. …
- Peanuts. …
- Almonds. …
- Spirulina. …
- Quinoa. …
How do vegans get B12?
The only reliable vegan sources of B12 are foods fortified with B12 (including some plant milks, some soy products and some breakfast cereals) and B12 supplements, such as our very own VEG 1. Vitamin B12, whether in supplements, fortified foods, or animal products, comes from micro-organisms.
Can being vegetarian cause B12 deficiency?
June 18, 2003 — Researchers have long known that a strict vegetarian diet — one that excludes all animal products — can lead to vitamin B-12 deficiency, and possibly heart disease. Now, new research suggests that even those who follow a more lenient vegetarian diet are also at risk.
Do vegetarians get B12?
Vegetarians have several options for sources of B12. These include eggs and dairy products, such as milk and cheese. Vegans have a more limited list of options. Fortified foods, or those with added vitamin B12, are a great source.
What are the neurological symptoms of B12 deficiency?
A lack of vitamin B12 can cause neurological problems, which affect your nervous system, such as:
- vision problems.
- memory loss.
- pins and needles (paraesthesia)
- loss of physical co-ordination (ataxia), which can affect your whole body and cause difficulty speaking or walking.